Sleeve gastrectomy surgery is commonly chosen by doctors among other weight loss surgeries as a relatively safe, long-term solution for overcoming obesity and improving overall wellbeing.
Unlike adjustable gastric banding, where a balloon is inflated around the stomach to mimic a smaller stomach pouch, gastric sleeve surgery involves removing part of the stomach. The surgery begins with an incision, which is sometimes led by an internal camera, after which your surgeon will remove more than half of the stomach’s tissue to restrict the volume of food that can be eaten. What’s left is a small sleeve, positioned vertically, that has been stapled shut as it heals.
This procedure is different than other weight loss surgeries because in the rare case of weight regain, it offers many opportunities for adjustments to the treatment plan. Surgeons can re-sleeve, convert the treatment to the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, or perform a plication if the need arises to ensure that you get the best results in the long term and are satisfied with your weight loss. The surgery also carries a lower risk of anemia, hernia, and other issues than other weight loss surgeries.
Recovery for this surgery requires rest and limited strenuous activity for at least four to six weeks. During this time, most patients also adjust to their new way of eating: after sleeve gastrectomy, most people must introduce solid foods into their diet slowly to avoid nausea or discomfort. After healing, those who underwent sleeve gastrectomy get used to eating small, healthy meals complemented by vitamin supplements to maintain their full-body health in the long term.